By Rachel Black
This encyclopedia offers the various aspects of America's ongoing dating with alcohol, reading the political heritage, pivotal occasions, pop culture, and advances in expertise that experience affected its consumption.
• greater than a hundred A–Z entries describe the tradition and heritage of alcohol, together with the beverages themselves, suggestions, company facets, leisure, laws, social features, firms, occasions, rituals, use in religions, and results on health
• Compiles all-original details from 32 exceptional foreign and American students and journalists
• deals a couple of ancient and modern photographs
• huge bibliography presents extra urged reading
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Additional resources for Alcohol in Popular Culture: An Encyclopedia
Quite often agreed are the affects of alcohol as a diuretic: dehydration, headache, and dizziness. it's identified to annoy the tummy lining, inflicting nausea, stomachache, and diarrhea. Disturbed sleep has been associated with the overproduction of glutamine, a ordinary stimulant, to make amends for the inhibition of creation whereas consuming (tremors can also be with regards to this). Congeners (by-products of drink arrangements) could be a signiﬁcant variable in hangover severity. “Dark” beverages with extra congeners, akin to brandy, wine (especially red), and whiskey, are linked to extra serious results, unlike “clear” beverages akin to gin and vodka. examine keeps into the signiﬁcance of gender, age, relations background, and consuming conduct. A minority of individuals seem to be immune. Abstention and light-weight ingesting are the finest preventatives. present suggestion additionally contains eating meals previously (to sluggish alcohol absorption) and lining the tummy with milk; alternating alcoholic drinks with smooth, nonetheless beverages, and consuming water prior to going to sleep. so much cultures have a wealthy folklore relating to hangovers. famous treatments are egg-based mixtures (e. g. , “prairie oyster”), the fried breakfast, and the alcohol-based hair of the puppy. not like many conventional “cures,” eggs have survived a few scientific scrutiny. Containing cysteine, they could wrestle the accumulation of acetaldehyde within the liver. complicated carbohydrates are prompt to ﬁght low blood sugar. imperative to restoration is consuming water and the passage of time. many of us will event hangover sooner or later, even often reasonable drinkers. This has vast effects. misplaced productiveness, every year, from all alcohol-related affliction was once expected at $68 billion within the usa in 1998. In England in 2004, the predicted annual fee of alcohol-related absenteeism was once £1. eight billion. This time period is reasonably contemporary. The earliest connection with “hang-over” within the Oxford English Dictionary is taken from Gideon Wurdz’s 1904 silly Dictionary, even though it used to be already in use within the Nineties. Representations of hangovers abound in pop culture: see, for instance, Charles Jackson’s novel The misplaced Weekend (1944), made into the 1945 Billy Wilder motion picture, and Patrick Hamilton’s 1941 novel Hangover sq. and its 1945 ﬁlm model. The reminiscence “blackout” occasionally accompanying a hangover is crucial to recollect final evening? (1935), in response to Adam Hobhouse’s The Hangover Murders, and the 2008 ﬁlm comedy The Hangover. (See additionally Blackouts. ) extra examining Stephens, R. , et al. “A assessment of the Literature at the Cognitive results of Alcohol grasp over. ” Alcohol and Alcoholism forty three (2008): 163 70. satisfied Hour White, A. M. “What occurred? Alcohol, reminiscence Blackouts, and the mind. ” Alcohol study and well-being 27 (2003): 186 ninety six. Wiese, J. G. , et al. “The Alcohol Hangover. ” Annals of inner drugs 132 (2000): 897 902. Vanessa Taylor chuffed HOUR chuffed hour could be one singular hour within the day, yet is extra typically incorporates a few hours spanning the past due afternoon into early night in the course of weekdays.